DMCA. Copyrighted Work that you can Claim.
Base have 45 000 books.
Search: 


📙 Defining Street Gangs in the 21st Century: Fluid, Mobile, and Transnational Networks by C.E. Prowse (auth.) — pdf free


In contrast to the pattern of long-standing occidental street gangs modelled in the North American paradigm, new-age gangs have appeared as loosely organized, with a high degree of interchangeability of their membership. Associated with this structural fluidity is an equally significant geographic mobility, which paradoxically does not appear to diminish the intensity of personal bonds formed within and between ‘new-age’ gangs. The dimensions of fluidity of gang membership and geographic mobility across police jurisdictions is increasingly seen as the organizational pattern of emerging gangs, in large part shaped by worldwide patterns of human migration and globalization. While the structure of new-age gangs appears as loose-knit, what must be emphasized is that this characteristic is reflective of a criminal network of economic commodity-based ‘turf’ as opposed to a close-knit geographically anchored ‘turf’ that has characterized the prevailing North American (occidental) gang model. This volume illuminates the structure and organization of increasingly emergent, fluid and mobile, new-age gangs within the context of transnational networks. The implications for law enforcement agencies is two-fold: i) the fluidity of new-age gang players challenges investigative techniques that remain predicated on suspect recognition through modus operandi repetition by those involved, and; ii) the movement of new-age gang players across police jurisdictions challenges the sharing of police information. This innovative work will be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as related disciplines including Sociology and Anthropology studying gangs and group-organization. It has strong implications for practitioners and professionals working in law enforcement, public policy, or with at-risk youth/young adults.



About book:

About file:

  • File size: 691 477
  • Format: pdf


Security code:
Download button

Similar books results


Emerging Issues in the 21st Century World-System, Volume 1 (Contributions in Economics and Economic History, No. 230)
Emerging Issues in the 21st Century World-System, Volume 1 (Contributions in Economics and Economic History, No. 230) free pdf by Political Economy of the World-System Conference 2001 Virginia Polyte, Wilma A. Dunaway

As one-half of the latest edition of Immanuel Wallerstein's Political Economy of the World System series, this collection offers cutting-edge theoretical directions to explain the structural crises of the 21st-century world- system. Contributors argue tha...

Energy in the 21st Century
Energy in the 21st Century free epub by John R. Fanchi

Energy may be the most important factor that will influence the shape of society in the 21st century. The cost and availability of energy significantly impacts our quality of life, the health of national economies, the relationships between nations, and t...

Energy and Transportation Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century
Energy and Transportation Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century free pdf by Organizing Committee for the Workshop on Energy and Transportation, Committee on Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century, National Research Council

This book, also based on a workshop, assesses the current state of chemistry and chemical engineering at the interface with novel and existing forms of energy and transportation systems. This book also identifies challenges for the chemical sciences in he...

Biophotonics: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century
Biophotonics: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century download pdf by Xun Shen, Roel van Wijk

It is now well established that all living systems emit a weak but permanent photon flux in the visible and ultraviolet range. This biophoton emission is correlated with many, if not all, biological and physiological functions. There are indications of a ...

Marx for the 21st Century
Marx for the 21st Century free download by Hiroshi Uchida

This book testifies that the economic thinking of Karl Marx is still valid for the 21st century, introducing readers to unknown materials buried in archives which portray Marx's attitudes to democracy....

Systems Thinking: Coping with 21st Century Problems
Systems Thinking: Coping with 21st Century Problems free pdf by John Boardman, Brian Sauser

By examining the links and interactions between elements of a system, systems thinking is becoming increasingly relevant when dealing with global challenges, from terrorism to energy to healthcare. Addressing these seemingly intractable systems problems i...

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook
21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook (vol 1) epub download by Clifton D. Bryant, Dr. Dennis L. Peck

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook provides a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a single definitive resource. The two volumes of this Reference...

The Political Economy of Work in the 21st Century: Implications for an Aging American Workforce
The Political Economy of Work in the 21st Century: Implications for an Aging American Workforce free epub by Martin Sicker

When Congress enacted Social Secuirty in 1935, with the age of retirement set at age 65, average life expectancy was 62 years. By the time Medicare was enacted 30 years later, life expectancy had risen to age 70. Since the enactment of Medicare, life expe...

The next 100 years : predictions to the nations and the church of the 21st century
The next 100 years : predictions to the nations and the church of the 21st century epub download by Dennis Cramer

A startling 21st century detailed prophecy recorded in October 1997! Gain important prophetic "inside information" about 57 nations: read about upcoming revivals, wars, economic conditions, miracles, weather patterns, population shifts, natural disaster...

Methods and nations : cultural governance and the indigenous subject

Methodologies of legal research : which kind of method for what kind of discipline?
Methodologies of legal research : which kind of method for what kind of discipline? epub download by Mark van Hoecke

1. Legal Doctrine: Which Method(s) for What Kind of Discipline?Mark Van Hoecke2. The Method of a Truly Normative Legal Science Jaap Hage3. Explanatory Non-Normative Legal Doctrine. Taking the Distinction between Theoretical and Practical Reason Seriously...

Methodology and Technology for Power System Grounding
Methodology and Technology for Power System Grounding epub download by Jinliang He, Rong Zeng, Bo Zhang(auth.)

Grounding is the fundamental measures to ensure the safe operation of power systems, including power apparatus and control/monitoring systems, and guarantee the personal safety. Grounding technology is an interdiscipline involving electrical engineering, ...

Methodology in robust and nonparametric statistics
Methodology in robust and nonparametric statistics free pdf by Jana Jurečková; Pranab Kumar Sen; Jan Picek

''Show synopsis Robust and nonparametric statistical methods have their foundation in fields ranging from agricultural science to astronomy, from biomedical sciences to the public health disciplines, and, more recently, in genomics, bioinformatics, and fi...

Methods and algorithms in navigation : Marine navigation and safety of sea transportation
Methods and algorithms in navigation : Marine navigation and safety of sea transportation pdf free by Adam Weintrit; Tomasz Neumann

The TransNav 2011 Symposium held at the Gdynia Maritime University, Poland in June 2011 has brought together a wide range of participants from all over the world. The program has offered a variety of contributions, allowing to look at many aspects of the ...

Methods for estimation and inference in modern econometrics
Methods for estimation and inference in modern econometrics epub download by Stanislav Anatolyev; Nikolay Gospodinov

Methods for Estimation and Inference in Modern Econometrics provides a comprehensive introduction to a wide range of emerging topics, such as generalized empirical likelihood estimation and alternative asymptotics under drifting parameterizations, which h...

Methods and Materials in Microelectronic Technology
Methods and Materials in Microelectronic Technology free pdf by Dieter Seitzer (auth.), Joachim Bargon (eds.)

The papers collected in this volume were presented at the International Symposium on Methods and Materials in Microelectronic Technology. This symposium was sponsored by IBM Germany, and it was held September 29 - October 1, 1982, in Bad Neuenahr, West Ge...

Methods and Evaluation in Clinical and Counseling Psychology
Methods and Evaluation in Clinical and Counseling Psychology epub download by Theodore C. Kahn, James T. Cameron, Martin B. Giffen, Arnold P. Goldstein and Leonard Krasner (Auth.)

Methodology of Economics and Other Social Sciences
Methodology of Economics and Other Social Sciences free epub by Fritz Machlup and Karl Shell (Auth.)

Methods and Modalities of Effective School Inspections
Methods and Modalities of Effective School Inspections free epub by Melanie C.M. Ehren (eds.)

This book provides an overview and discussion of the evidence base of effective school inspections; reflecting on issues of validity and reliability of school inspections in relation to school effectiveness research, unintended consequences and emergent r...